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Lukwakwa Royal Establishment

 

After the death of King Mulambwa, the Makololo defeated and occupied Bulozi. Some Aluyi and Mbundas migrated from Bulozi to other places. The Mbunda who had supported Prince Mubukwanu, one of Mulambwa's sons left for the now Kabompo. Most of them went to Nakalomo in present day Lukulu. Here they abandoned their stockade due to Makololo attacks. When Nxaba (Ngabe) in his pursuance to invade the Makololo came to Kakenge's area, (ruler of the Luvale) in the north, he failed to break through the Mbunda fortress at Nakalomo. He then negotiated and tried to persuade the Mbunda to join him and his group, in an alliance against the Kololo. The Mbunda however remained suspicious and merely supplied the Mandebele with guides who took them across the Zambezi westwards in the direction of the Kololo who at that time were pursuing the Luyana fleeing to Nyengo. Those Mandebele were all killed in the valley which was named after them as “Matebele Valley”.

 

Those Mbunda who in 1830 had, due to Makololo invasion, abandoned Nakalomo went to settle east of Manyinga river finding there only a few Nkoya villages. Prior to 1920 the now Kabompo District was uninhabited. Amongst those that migrated to Manyinga, were Prince Namiluko the son of Mulambwa with his son Chikufele. They took the Nkoya under control and established the headquarters of their leader Chikufele (Sikufele) at what came to be known as Lukwakwa. Prince Namiluko and his son Prince Chikufele established the Mbunda Chieftainship at Kabompo, after the expulsion of the Kalolo inversion. After that, many of the Mbundas returned to Barotseland but the Chikufele family remained at Lukwakwa.

 

In those years the Chokwes, the Luvales and the Luchazis had not yet migrated to Kabompo. Though there were some Lozi rulers who were allowed to the Lukwakwa throne, it basically remained under the control of the Mbunda. Sikufele became the main chief of all the Manyinga Native Authorities and the Administrative Court remained under the Mbunda after it was restored from the Lunda. While power was being firmly wrestled by the Mbunda in Manyinga area their influence at the Central Throne of the Lozi Kingdom was still felt. After Lubosi Lewanika fled the throne at the insurrection by Mataa and Numwa in 1884, Tatila Akufuna, one who knew not a single word in Luyana nor in Chikololo (Sikololouthe new Lozi), but spoke Mbunda,[15] was called upon to take up the central throne. Tatila Akufuna (son of Imbue) was a direct product of the Mbunda at Lukwakwa.

 
Name
Lifespan
Reign start
Reign end
Notes
1. Chief Chikufele
His Palace was at Lukwakwa in Manyinga. 1830 1916 Chief Mwene Chikufele became the first Chief at Lukwakwa in Manyinga. He died in 1916 from lightning
2. Chief Mwene Chikufele Namiluko
His Palace was at Lukwakwa in Manyinga 1916 1928 Chikufele Namiluko succeeded Chief Mwene Chikufele but his reign was short lived when he was exiled into Angola where he died in 1928.
3. Chief Mwene Chikufele Njamba Ilukuyi
His Palace was at Lukwakwa in Manyinga ? ? After Sikufele Namiluko had been exiled, a Lozi appointee by the name of Njamba Ilukuyi succeeded him but he reigned for a short period and he died. Njamba Ilukuyi was a cousin of the King Yeta III of the Lozi. The name of Sikufele became the official title to the throne of the Lukwakwa established Mbunda chieftainship around the Manyinga area.
4. Chief Mwene Sikufele Imasiku
His Palace was at Lukwakwa in Manyinga ? ? After the reign of Chief Mwene Njamba Ilukuyi, Chief Mwene Imasiku was enthroned but the Mbunda soon got tired of his reign and sent for Imbua from Nyengo to come and rule over them but they rejected him as soon as he arrived and instead restored the throne back to Chief Mwene Imasiku. Imasiku also did not reign for long . He was assassinated by his relatives.
5. Chief Mwene Chikufele Muviwa
? ? Chief Chikufele Muviwa succeeded Imasiku, but he was shortly dethroned by the Lozi King at Lealuyi. He was recalled to Bulozi
6. Nobleman Induna Imasiku
At Lukwakwa in Manyinga ? ? Induna Imasiku was sent to preside over Chief Chikufele Muviwa local court on a caretaker basis. The time Induna Imasiku was presiding over Chief Chikufele’s local court, he appointed Kalunga Samusandi to be a junior Induna in Chief Chikufele’s local court. Shortly thereafter, Induna Imasiku appointed and enthroned Kalunga Samusandi as the first Chief of the Luchazi tribe in the Manyinga area.
7. Chief Mwene Chikufele Muviwa
His Palace was at Lukwakwa in Manyinga 1935 ? In 1932, Chief Mwene Chikufele Muviwa returned to Katuba, in Manyinga area but as an ordinary person, without royal powers. In 1935, the Lozi King at Lealuyi, in agreement with Mbundas at Lukwakwa, reinstalled Chief Chikufele Muviwa on his Throne. Later, groups of Luchazi started moving further East from Chief Shinde’s area, where they settled earlier and were welcomed and given land in the Upper Mumbeji, by Chief Chikufele, under the Manyinga Native Authorities. This was followed by groups of Chokwes, Luvales and Lundas (not in any sequence). In 1941, before Kabompo Boma came into existence, the Government separated Zambezi from Barotseland. Chief Chikufele had two other Mbunda subordinated chiefs namely Chiengele, Vulamitata and two others: a Nkoya called Mutinginyi and a Luchazi called Kalunga. In 1944 recognition was withdrawn from Mutinginyi and Vulamitata. In 1945 Induna Imasiku was recalled to Barotseland. The Mbunda in Manyinga resolved never again to be preided by a Barotseland Indunas. Chief Shinde of Zambezi wanted to control Manyinga in order to include it to his Zambezi areas. However, Manyinga people and village headmen rejected th Chief Shinde’s move, contending that; the Chikufele chieftainship is the earlier and most senior in Manyinga, and that the first local court in Manyinga was his at his palace. An election was therefore organized, comprising more than 300 village headmen and all chiefs in the area, and Chief Chikufele was elected the Senior Chief of Manyinga Native Authority. Manyinga Native Aothority was at his palace. Senior Chief Chikufele then decreed that; he had broken away from Barotseland and that he would remain independent at Manyinga with the Mbunda chieftainship and that, it should be known that he was a Mbunda. Chief Mwene Chikufele remained a supreme power in the political administration of the whole Manyinga area and was seen as a symbol of the British administrative system. He was to be helped by the Council whose powers he could not to overrule. There were administrative villages called Ndandanda (or ndandanga) which consisted of membo (villages)
8. Chief Mwene Sikufele Akatoka
His Palace was at Lukwakwa in Manyinga 1958 1959 By 1958, Chief Mwene Sikufele Akatoka became the Senior Chief of Kabompo District. However his reign was short lived.
9. Senior Chief Mwene Sikufele Lyamungongo
His Palace was at Lukwakwa in Manyinga 1959 ? Chief Mwene Sikufele Lyamungongo was installed as the next Mwene Sikufele in 1959.
10. Senior Chief Mwene Sikufele Akatoka Thompson
His Palace is at Lukwakwa in Manyinga, Kabompo District, Northwestern Province of Zambia ? The current by 2014 on the throne After Sikufele Lyamungongo, came Sikufele Akatoka Thompson, the son of the previous Sikufele Akatoka whose recognition as chief had been withdrawn in 1959 by the colonial governor. Senior Chief Mwene Chikufele (Sikufele) Akatoka is the current senior chief of Kabompo District in the North-Western Province of Zambia.

 

 

 

References and further reading

  1. Bull M.M., Bulozi Under The Luyana Kings, London 1973
  2. White, C.M.N. "Notes on the Political Organization of the Kabompo District and its Inhabitants," African Studies, IX, (1950), pp. 185-93
  3. Encyclopedia of the Peoples of Africa and Middle East, Facts On File library of world history, Facts On File, Incorporated, Social Science, Infobase Publishing, 2009, ISBN 143812676X, 9781438126760

 

 

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Senior Chief Sikufele (Mbunda)
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