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MBUNDA PEOPLE OF CONGO DRC

 

 

                      

 

The Bunda people or Mbunda people[1] (also Ambuun, Mbuun) in the Democratic Republic of the Congo are an ethnic group that mostly live in Idiofa Territory, Kwilu District of Bandundu Province. They speak the Mbunda dialect of the Mpuono language, spoken by an estimated 165,000 people as of 1972.[2]

Origins and the legend of migration history

The Mbunda are a Bantu people who, during the Bantu migrations, came from the north, probably from somewhere near the present-day Sudan.[3][4] Their core is at present found in the Southeast of Angola from the Lunguevungu river in Moxico to the Cuando Cubango Province. In their migration they first settled in Kola in what is now the Democratic Republic of the Congo along the Kalanyi River, where they interacted with the Lunda and Luba,[5] in the 15th century under their ruler, King (Mwene) Nkuungu, with their capital at Namampongwe.[6] From there they settled for some time at the confluence of the Kwilu and Kasai rivers (now Democratic Republic of the Congo) in the 16th century, where they re-established their Kingdom.[7] A significant group of them still lives there, and the Mbunda language spoken by the Mbunda that remained in the DR Congo, entirely separated from the rest of their people, is of course a special case. Due to passage of time and interaction with other languages, it has become quite different from the variants spoken in Angola, Zambia, and Namibia, and is today even considered as belonging to a different linguistic category.[8]

 

Location

The Belgian colonial administration originally gave Idiofa Territory the name of "Babunda Territory" after the Bunda people, who formed the majority of the population.[9] They are still the most important group in the center of Idiofa territory.[10] The Bunda are the majority of the population of the administrative center of Idiofa.[11] There are also Bunda populations in Bulungu Territory and Gungu Territory.[12]

 

Economy

The Bundu territory has a tropical climate with alternating dry and rainy seasons. The region has abundant water resources, the most important rivers being the Lubwe, Loange, Kamtsha and the Piopio. Precipitation in the rainy season is so intense that it is a major obstacle to farming and a time when food may be scarce. Hunting and fishing are individual activities during this period. Food is abundant in the dry season, the main season for communal hunting and fishing.[12]

 

 

References

[1] Almanac of African Peoples & Nations, page 523. By Muḥammad Zuhdī Yakan, Transaction Publishers, Putgers - The State University, 35 Berrue Circle, Piscataway, New Jersey 008854-8042, ISBN 1-56000-433-9,

 

[2] Ethnologue.

 

[3] http://books.google.co.zm/books?id=an5QqSKNqAgC&pg=PA403&lpg=PA403&dq=mbunda+chiefs&source=

bl&ots=EiF9AxADTl&sig=zRaFAHahIMUBURhXfsCNPV_P9X8&hl=en&sa=

X&ei=9qbtTrL8FIXO4QTb_9DrCA&ved=0CCwQ6AEwAzgK#v=onepage&q=

mbunda chiefs&f=false Terms of trade and terms of trust: the history and contexts of pre-colonial pages 103, 104 & 105...By Achim von Oppen, LIT Verlag Münster Publishers, 1993, ISBN: 3894732466, 9783894732462

 

[4] The Bantu in Ancient Egypt, citing sources: Alfred M M'Imanyara 'The Restatement of Bantu Origin and Meru History' published by Longman Kenya, 1992 - Social Science - 170 pages, ISBN 9966-49-832-X

 

[5] Almanac of African Peoples & Nations, page 523. By Muḥammad Zuhdī Yakan, Transaction Publishers, Putgers - The State University, 35 Berrue Circle, Piscataway, New Jersey 008854-8042, ISBN 1-56000-433-9,

 

[6] Robert Papstein, The Zambia Journal of History, Central African Oral History Project, University of Zambia, ISBN 9982-03-006-X

 

[7] Almanac of African Peoples & Nations, page 523. By Muḥammad Zuhdī Yakan, Transaction Publishers, Putgers - The State University, 35 Berrue Circle, Piscataway, New Jersey 008854-8042, ISBN 1-56000-433-9,

 

[8] name='ethnol'>Mbunda languageMpuono language

 

[9] Schwetz 1924, p. 73.

 

[10] Plan stratégique.

 

[11] Munzumi 2006, p. 20.

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    [12] RDC Ministère du Plan 2005.

     

     

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